Wetland Resources Action Planning (WRAP) Toolkit

An integrated action planning toolkit to conserve aquatic resources and biodiversity by promoting sustainable use

3.1 Impacts, Outcomes and Results - Development of Action Plans

Biodiversity Assessment

Impacts, Outcomes and Results

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Description of the Integrated Action Planning Process (pdf) Eight phases of an integrated action planning process were identified to guide other initiatives, encompassing stakeholder assessment and engagement, through rapport building and agreement on collaboration, integrated assessment of biodiversity, livelihoods, ecosystems services and policy and conflicts, joint problem analysis and target setting, joint strategic planning, joint planning and organisation of activities, coordinated implementation and joint monitoring, to joint evaluation of impacts and revised target setting.
CME Guidelines (pdf) Specific Communication, Monitoring and Evaluation (CME) requirements for the Joint Strategic Planning phase include the participation of stakeholders in the research, planning and implementation processes and the capability of key stakeholders to implement the joint plan.Key stakeholders should be identified as they are the groups whose participation in the planning and implementation processes will be crucial.
Draft Integrated Action Plan Formulation (pdf) Draft Integrated Action Plans should be formulated based on integrated assessment outcomes and conservation, livelihoods and policy needs identified by communities, stakeholder groups and policy-makers. Systematic representation of multiple-perspectives in the form of integrated action plans is an important starting point to verify the actions proposed by particular stakeholder groups and to elicit reflections on the proposals of others from other resource user groups and stakeholder with different priorities.
Stakeholder Identification and Engagement (pdf) Drawing on preliminary stakeholder engagement (2.1) all groups with a potential role to play in implementing the draft action plan should be identified and vulnerable people, notably poor and marginal community members including women, young people and older people, that may be disproportionately affected by changes to aquatic resources access and management regimes should be engaged in assessing and refining the integrated action plan. Representation of biodiversity and environmental concerns can often be overlooked and appropriate advocates should be identified to participate in the process.
Facilitate Interactive Stakeholder Participation (pdf) Arrange meetings with communities, households and stakeholders (relevant to the Integrated Action Plans) to discuss, elaborate and revise draft IAPs and seek support and better understand potential barriers to proposed actions and subsequent implementation. A detailed description of how to do this is included here based on focus groups discussions conduced in Vietnam.
Convene Joint Stakeholder Assessment Workshops Convene a joint stakeholder workshop, bringing together different communities and stakeholders. Present a summary of outcomes from the joint assessment process and introduce important new knowledge in plenary sessions. Ask assembled community members and selected stakeholder representatives to review and revise Integrated Action Plans in light of plenary sessions and then present IAPs to the assembled workshop participants for critical review and to garner broad-based support.
Indicator Selection - IAP Process and Impacts (pdf) Indicators can be identified for two distinct categories with regards Integrated Action Plans implementation: indicators relating to the process; and indicators relating to the impacts of IAP implementation.
Integrated Action Plan Outline and Structure (pdf) An outline of a reporting format was prepared to ensure documentation of the integrated action plan development process and resulting management proposals was comprehensive and consistent across sites, potentially enabling comparative assessment between sites and the identification of common constraints and opportunities.